Key Facts

  • Almost 30 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes
  • 86 million Americans have prediabetes
  • 1.7 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes every year


37% of U.S. adults aged 20 years or older have prediabetes

86 million Americans aged 20 years or older have prediabetes. Only 11.1% of Americans with prediabetes have been told they have it

Racial Disparities

  • Compared to non-Hispanic whites, the risk of diagnosed diabetes is 1.2 times higher among Asian Americans, 1.7 times higher among Hispanics, and 1.7 times higher among non- Hispanic blacks
  • 12.8% of Hispanic/Latino adults in the United States have diagnosed diabetes
    13.2% of non-Hispanic black adults in the United States have diagnosed diabetes
  • AmongHispanicadults,theage-adjustedrate of diagnosed diabetes was 8.5% for Central and South Americans, 9.3% for Cubans, 13.9% for Mexican Americans, and 14.8% for Puerto Ricans
  • Among Asian American adults, the age- adjusted rate of diagnosed diabetes was 4.4% for Chinese, 11.3% for Filipinos, 13% for Asian Indians, and 8.8% for other Asians
  • Among American Indian and Alaska Native adults, the age-adjusted rate of diagnosed diabetes varied by region from 6% among Alaska Natives to 24.1% among American Indians in southern Arizona

Diabetes as Cause of Death

    • Diabetes is the primary cause of death for 69,071 Americans each year
    • Diabetes contributes to the death of 234,051 Americans annually (combining death certificates that list diabetes as the primary and a contributing cause of death)

Diabetes in the United States

  • 29.1 million Americans, 9.3% of the population, have diabetes
  • 21 million Americans have diagnosed diabetes
  • 8.1 million Americans have undiagnosed diabetes (27.8% of diabetes is undiagnosed)
  • 1.7 million Americans aged 20 years or older are newly diagnosed with diabetes each year, 4,660/day, one every 19 seconds
  • Age 20 years or older: 12.3% of all people in this age group have diabetes

Diabetes in Youth

About 208,000 people younger than 20 years have diabetes (type 1 or type 2). This represents .25% of all people in this age group, or about
1 in 400

  • 18,436 youth are newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes annually
  • 5,089 youth are newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes annually

Cost of Diabetes

  • $245 billion annually attributable to diagnosed diabetes, including $176 billion in direct costs and $69 billion in indirect costs (disability, work loss, premature mortality)
  • People with diagnosed diabetes have health care costs 2.3 times higher than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes
  • 1 in 10 health care dollars is spent treating diabetes and its complications
  • 1 in 5 health care dollars is spent caring for people with diabetes

Complications of Diabetes

  • Hospitalization rates for heart attack were 1.8 times higher among adults with diabetes than among adults without diabetes
  • Hospitalization rates for stroke were 1.5 times higher among adults with diabetes compared to those without diabetes
  • In 2011, about 282,000 emergency room visits for adults aged 18 years or older had hypoglycemia as the first-listed diagnosis and diabetes as another diagnosis
  • In 2011, about 175,000 emergency room visits for people of all ages had hyperglycemic crisis as the first-listed diagnosis
  • In 2005–2008, 4.2 million (28.5%) Americans with diabetes aged 40 years or older had diabetic retinopathy
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for 44% of all new cases of kidney failure
  • Annually, 49,677 Americans begin treatment for kidney failure due to diabetes
  • A total of 228,924 people with kidney failure due to diabetes are living on chronic dialysis or with a kidney transplant in the United States
  • About 60% to 70% of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of neuropathy
  • Hearing loss is about twice as common in adults with diabetes as those who do not have diabetes
  • More than 60% of nontraumatic lower-limb amputations occur in people with diabetes.
  • About 73,000 nontraumatic lower-limb amputations are performed in people with diabetes annually

Other Statistics

  • In the United States, approximately 5% of the population with diagnosed diabetes has type 1 diabetes; approximately 90-95% has type 2 diabetes (1-5% have other, rare types)
  • Approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have type 1 diabetes
  • Among adults with diagnosed diabetes, 14% take insulin only, 14.7% take both insulin and oral medication, 56.9% take oral medication only, and 14.4% do not take either insulin or oral medication
  • Approximately 6 million Americans use insulin
  • 85.2% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese
  • As many as 1 in 3 American adults will have diabetes by 2050 if present trends continue
  • Diabetes kills more Americans every year than AIDS and breast cancer combined
  • A person with diagnosed diabetes at age 50 dies, on average, 6 years earlier than a counterpart without diabetes

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